Deficiency of Dolichol-P-mannose synthase subunit 3 (DPM3) affects the N-glycosylation and O-mannosylation pathways that are respectively involved in congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) and alpha-dystroglycanopathies.
Herein, the researchers, including researchers from the Institute of Myology, describe novel pathogenic variants in the DPM3 gene in two unrelated male patients. They developed dilated cardiomyopathy in their late teens, limb-girdle muscular dystrophy – one patient in childhood and the other in adulthood. In both patients, next generation sequencing found in the DPM3 gene a heterozygous deletion and a heterozygous pathogenic missense mutation in exon 2 (c.41T>C, p.Leu14Pro). Electrophoresis of serum transferrin found an abnormal N-glycosylation profile suggestive of CDG type 1 (decreased tetrasialotransferrin, increased disialo- and asialotransferrin). Only two cases of DPM3 gene mutations with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy have been reported previously.
The present study highlights several aspects related to DPM3 gene mutations such as mild to moderately severe limb-girdle muscular dystrophy, dilated cardiomyopathy, and abnormal N-glycosylation profile suggestive of CDG type 1.
Dilated cardiomyopathy and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy due to novel pathogenic variants in the DPM3 gene. Svahn J, Laforêt P, Vial C, Streichenberger N, Romero N, Bouchet-Séraphin C, Bruneel A, Dupré T, Seta N, Menassa R, Michel-Calemard L, Stojkovic T. Neuromuscul Disord. 2019 Jul;29(7):497-502. doi: 10.1016/j.nmd.2019.05.004. Epub 2019 May 9.