Gene therapy via trans-splicing for LMNA-related Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

This study investigated the potential of Lmna-mRNA repair by spliceosome-mediated RNA trans-splicing as a therapeutic approach for LMNA-related congenital muscular dystrophy. This gene therapy strategy leads to reduction of mutated transcript expression for the benefit of corresponding wild-type (WT) transcripts. The authors developed 5′-RNA pre-trans-splicing molecules containing the first five exons of Lmna and targeting intron 5 of Lmna pre-mRNA. Among nine pre-trans-splicing molecules, differing in the targeted sequence in intron 5 and tested in C2C12 myoblasts, three induced trans-splicing events on endogenous Lmna mRNA and confirmed at protein level. Further analyses performed in primary myotubes derived from an LMNA-related congenital muscular dystrophy (L-CMD) mouse model led to a partial rescue of the mutant phenotype. Finally, they tested this approach in vivo using adeno-associated virus (AAV) delivery in newborn mice and showed that trans-splicing events occurred in WT mice 50 days after AAV delivery, although at a low rate. Altogether, while these results provide the first evidence for reprogramming LMNA mRNA in vitro, strategies to improve the rate of trans-splicing events still need to be developed for efficient application of this therapeutic approach in vivo.


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Azibani F, Brull A, Arandel L, et al. Gene Therapy via Trans-Splicing for LMNA-Related Congenital Muscular Dystrophy. Mol Ther Nucleic Acids. 2018 Mar 2;10:376-386.